Haryana State

Haryana is one of the state in India, It is located in northern part of the country. It was carved out of the former state of East Punjab on 1 November 1966 on linguistic as well as on cultural basis. Chandigarh is the state capital city, And it is also the capital of the neighboring state of Punjab.

The state shares its boundaries with Rajasthan in the south and west, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab in the north, and the territory of Delhi in the east. The state has major rivers, they are Yamuna, Sarasvati, Ghaggar, Markanda, and the Tangri river.

Official languages in Haryana are Hindi and English. When it comes to spoken languages, people mainly speak Haryanvi, Hindi and Punjabi. Point to be noted here is, Haryanvi is not a language; it’s just a dialect of Hindi. And Haryanvi too varies as you move along districts.

Area and Population of Haryana

The total area of the state is 44,212 km2 which makes it the 20th biggest state in India by area. As laid down by the census performed in 2011, the population of the state is 27,761,063, making it the 16th most populated state in India. The density of population in Haryana is 1,485.212/sq miles or 573.443/km2.

Economy Agriculture

An agriculturally prosperous state, Haryana contributes a large amount of wheat and rice to the Central Pool (a national repository system of surplus food grain). In addition, the state produces significant quantities of cotton, rape and mustard seed, pearl millet, chickpeas, sugarcane, sorghum, corn (maize), and potatoes. Dairy cattle, buffaloes, and bullocks, which are used for plowing the land and as draft animals, are prominent in the northeastern region.Haryana’s agricultural productivity is largely attributable to the so-called Green Revolution, an international movement launched in the 1960s to diminish world hunger. As a result of this movement, large-scale investments have been made in irrigation, fertilizers, and high-quality seeds. In the early 21st century, nearly two-fifths of the state’s workforce was employed in agriculture.

Haryana State Symbols

Haryana State Government have revealed four symbols to be used in acceptable places and acceptable occasions to represent the state. These symbols the image of the state categorical its policy, tell concerning its wealth and virtues within the terms of Animal, Bird, Flower and Tree.

Haryana State Animal



Scientific Name: Antilope cervicapra

Haryana State Bird

Black Francolin

Black Francolin

Scientific Name: Francolinus francolinus

Haryana State Flower


Nelumbo nucifera

Scientific Name: Nelumbo nucifera

Haryana State Tree


Bihar state tree

Scientific Name: Ficus religiosa