The Statue of Unity is built in dedication to Iron Man of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who served as the first home minister of independent India. At 182 meters, the statue is 23 meters taller than China’s Spring Temple Buddha statue and almost double the height of the Statue of Liberty (93 meters tall) in the US.
The statue is located in the state of Gujarat, India. It is the world’s tallest statue with a height of (597 ft) 182 meters. It is located on a river-facing the Sardar Sarovar Dam on the river Narmada in the Kevadiya colony, 100 kilometers (62 mi) southeast of the city of Vadodara and 150 kilometers (93 mi) from Surat.
The project was first announced in 2010 and the construction of the statue started in October 2013 by Larsen & Toubro, with a total construction cost of Rs 2,989 crores. It was designed by Indian sculptor Ram V. Sutar and was inaugurated by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 31 October 2018, the 143rd anniversary of Patel’s birth.
Narendra Modi first announced the project to commemorate Vallabhbhai Patel on 7 October 2013 at a press conference to mark the beginning of his 10th year as The Chief Minister of Gujarat. At the time, the project was dubbed, “Gujarat’s tribute to the nation”. A separate Society named Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Rashtriya Ekta Trust (SVPRET) has been formed under the Chairmanship of Chief Minister, Government of Gujarat, to ensure seamless execution of the entire project.
Design and Construction of Statue of Unity
The total height of the structure is 240 m (790 ft), with a base of 58 m (190 ft) and the statue of 182 m (597 ft). The height of 182 was specifically chosen to match the number of seats in the Gujarat Legislative Assembly. The Statue of Unity was built by the Public-Private Partnership model, with most of the money raised by the Government of Gujarat. The Gujarat state government had allotted 500 crores for the project in the budget from 2012 to 2015. In the 2014–15 Union Budget, 200 crores were allocated for the construction of the statue. Funds were also contributed by Public Sector Undertakings under the Corporate Social Responsibility scheme.