What is Recruitment? Features and Factors Affecting Recruitment

Meaning and Definition of Recruitment

Recruitment is the process of discovering the potential applicants for actual or anticipated organizational vacancies. It makes it possible to acquire the number and type of people necessary to ensure the continued operation of the organization. The employee recruiting process is one of the most critical aspects of running a successful business. Because every organization’s performance is largely dependent on the quality of its workers, those that do an effective job of managing various functions are clearly the better for it.

According to Edwin B.Flippo___” Recruitment is the process of searching for prospective employees and stimulating them to apply for jobs in the organization”.

According to Barber___” It includes those practices and activities carried out by the organization with the primary purpose of identifying and attracting potential employees”.

According to Dale Yoder___” Recruitment is the process to “discover the sources of manpower to meet the requirements of the staffing schedule and to employ effective measures for attracting that manpower in adequate numbers to facilitate effective selection of an efficient working force”.


Features of Recruitment

1. Positive Functions: Recruitment is a positive function as it seeks to development a pool of eligible persons from which most suitable ones can be selected.

2. Continues Process: Recruitment is a managerial and continuous process or a series of activities rather than a single act or event.

3. Linking Activity: It is a linking activity as it brings together those with jobs and those seeking jobs.

4. Two-Way Process: It is a two-way process. It takes a recruiter and a recruitee. Just as the recruiter has a choice whom to recruit or not, similarly the prospective employee can choose for which organization to apply for a job.

5. Complex job: It is a complex job because too many factors affect it and serve as constraints restricting the freedom of management in recruitment.

Factors Affecting Recruiting

External Factors

  • Supply and demand of manpower.
  • Unemployment rate.
  • Labour market.
  • Image/goodwill.
  • Competitors.
  • Political-social-legal environment.

Internal Factors

  • Human resource planning.
  • Recruiting policy.
  • Size of firm.
  • Cost of the employee.