Entrepreneurial Process

Entrepreneurial process of new venture formation comprises all the functions, activity and action which are necessary for developing the new venture. Basically it is a process through which a new venture is created by an entrepreneur. The entrepreneur must find evaluate and develop an opportunities by overcoming the forces that resist the creation of something new. The process has four distinct phases which are as follows:

Entrepreneurial Process

1. Identify and Evaluate Opportunity

It is the first phase in entrepreneurial process. It is very difficult task. Most good business opportunities do not suddenly appear, but rather result from an entrepreneur’s alertness to possibilities or, in some cases, the establishment of mechanisms that identify potential opportunities.
 The opportunity must fit the personal skills and goals of the entrepreneur. It is particularly important that the entrepreneur be able to put forth the necessary time and effort required to make the venture succeed. Although many entrepreneurs feel that the desire can be developed along with the venture, typically it does not materialise.
An entrepreneur must believe in the opportunity so much that they will make the necessary sacrifices to develop the opportunity ans manage the resulting organization.

2. Develop Business Plan

A business plan is a well defined written argument, based on relevant facts, figures, and estimates. It portrays an overall picture of a business proposal, attempts to justify its technical feasibility as well as commercial success and makes clear suggested course of action in distinguished section. An entrepreneur usually has not prepared a business plan before and does not have the resources available to do a good job. Although the preparation of the business plan is important to understand the basic issues involved in new venture setup. A good business plan is essential to develop the opportunity and determine the resources required, to obtain those resources and successfully manage the resulting venture.

3. Determine Resources Required

The resources can be divided into following key ingredients:

  1. Technical know-how, which assists in the production of a quality product or offering of a service.
  2. Finance, including equity, cash, and borrowing power.
  3. Physical assets, including building, equipment, machinery, and vehicles.
  4. Human resources.
  5. Intangible resources, including information, networks, protected patents, unique technology, and brand reputation.

4. Manage the Enterprise

After resources are gathered and acquired, the entrepreneur must use them to implement the business plan. The operational problems of the growing enterprise must also be examined. This involved implementing a management style and structure, as well as determining the key variables for success. A control system must be established, so that any problem areas can be quickly identified and resolved. Some entrepreneur have difficulty in managing growing the venture they created.

Stages in Entrepreneurial Process