High blood pressure is also Hypertension. is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. It typically does not cause symptoms. Long-term Hypertension, however, is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, peripheral arterial disease, vision loss, chronic kidney disease, and dementia.
Hypertension can be classified as primary hypertension or secondary hypertension. About 90–95% of cases are primary, defined as Hypertension and remaining 5–10% of cases are categorized as Hypertension, defined as Hypertension due to an identifiable cause, such as chronic kidney disease, narrowing of the kidney arteries, an endocrine disorder, or the use of birth control pills.
It usually has no symptoms. So the only way to find out if you have it is to get regular blood pressure checks from your health care provider. Your provider will use a gauge, a stethoscope or electronic sensor, and a blood pressure cuff. He or she will take two or more readings at separate appointments before making a diagnosis.
You have Hypertension if your readings like this:
- Your systolic is 140 or higher OR
- Your diastolic is 90 or higher
Some times it may consider you to have Hypertension if you have other heart risk factors:
- Your systolic is between 130 and 139 OR
- Your diastolic is between 80 and 89
Blood pressure readings above 180 /120 are dangerously high and require immediate medical attention
High Blood Pressure Symptoms
Hypertension is rarely accompanied by symptoms, and its identification is usually through screening, or when seeking healthcare for an unrelated problem. Some other people with Hypertension report headaches, as well as lightheadedness, vertigo, tinnitus (buzzing or hissing in the ears), altered vision, or fainting episodes., probably years before significant symptoms start to show up.
- Severe headaches
- Dizziness/ disorientation
- Chest pain
- Stroke, in the most severe cases