What are Sense Organs?

What are Sense Organs?

Sense organs are specialized organs that help to perceive the world around us. They are an integral part of our lives and it is the only way that enables us to perceive the environment. Sense organs provide the required data for interpretation through various organs and a network of nerves in response to a special physical phenomenon. These senses govern our association and our interaction with the environment.

Humans have a multitude of sensors. Sight (vision, visual sense), hearing (audition, auditory sense), taste (gustation, gustatory sense), smell (olfaction, olfactory sense), and touch (somatosensation, somatosensory sense) are the five traditionally recognized senses. The ability to detect other stimuli beyond those governed by these most broadly recognized senses also exists, and these sensory modalities include temperature (thermoception), kinesthetic sense (proprioception), pain (nociception), balance (equilibrioception), vibration (mechanoreception).
Sense Organs

We have 5 Sense Organs They are Namely

  1. Eyes
  2. Ears
  3. Nose
  4. Tongue
  5. Skin

1. Eyes: These are the visual sensory organ in our body. These are sensitive to light images. The eyes vary in colour depending upon the amount of melanin present in our body. It helps in the sense of sight by detecting and focussing on the light images.

2. Ears (Sense of Hearing): Ears are the auditory sense organs of our body. They help us to perceive sounds. Our auditory system detects vibrations in the air and this is how we hear sounds. This is known as hearing or audio caption.

3. Tongue: The tongue has various receptors which can detect whether the item consumed is salty, sweet, bitter or sour.  The behind part of the tongue detects bitter taste, the frontmost part detects salty taste, the side part detects sour taste and the middle and front part detects sweet taste.

4. Nose: The nose is an olfactory organ. Our olfactory system helps us to perceive different smells. This sense organ also aids our sense of taste. The sense of smell is also known as olfaction.

5. Skin: The skin contains general receptors which can detect touch, pain, pressure, and temperature. They are present throughout the skin. Skin receptors generate an impulse, and when activated, is carried to the spinal cord and then to the brain.