The African Bush Elephant is the largest of all living creatures on land, They may grow to weigh more than 6 tonnes. Although many of the ancestors of the Elephant became extinct during the last ice age, there are three distinct species of Elephant remaining today which are the Asian Elephant, the African Bush Elephant, and the African Forest Elephant. Although these two Elephant species are very similar, the African Bush Elephant is considered to be generally larger than the African Forest Elephant, which has rounder ears and straighter tusks. The African savanna, or bush, elephant stands 10 to 13 feet at the shoulder.
They tend to live relatively long lives, with the average life span being between 60 and 70 years, Female Elephants reach sexual maturity after 10 or 11 years but are thought to be most fertile between the ages of 25 and 45. Male Elephants, however, often don’t reach sexual maturity until they are nearly 20 years old. After mating and a gestation period of up to 2 years, the female Elephant gives birth to a single calf. The Elephant calf is nursed for 2 years but will remain under the guidance and protection of the herd until it is old enough to support itself around 6 years old. It is at this point that the tusks of the Elephant calf will be starting to grow.
Diet and Prey of African Bush Elephant
They are herbivorous mammal meaning that it survives on a diet that solely consists of plants and plant matter. They also depend on grazes on fruits and grasses and use its immense tusks for digging for roots in the ground and to strip the bark of trees. Food is fed into its mouth using the trunk, and the large, flat teeth of the Elephant are then the perfect tool for grinding the vegetation and course plants down so that they can then be more easily digested.