Agriculture in Goa is playing important role in the economy of the state. Goa located between the Arabian Sea and the Western Ghats, Goa faces problems for enough cultivable land to feed its own population. The coastal areas are exposed to salinity and do not qualify as good agricultural areas, while the inland areas are not productive enough. So for its day-to-day needs of agricultural produce like vegetables, Goa is dependent on Karnataka and Maharashtra. However, approximately one-third of the total land in Goa falls under forest areas and yields substantial profits.
- Fruits: Mango, Cashew, Coconut, Banana, Pineapple, Jackfruit, Arecanut etc.
- Field crops: Paddy, Ragi, Sugarcane, Groundnut, Cowpea etc.
- Vegetables: Brinjal, Bhendi, Chillies, Cucumber, Pumpkins, Gourds, Musk Melons, Red amaranthus, Raddish, Knol-Khol, Cabbage, Bottle gourd, Long beans, Cluster beans, etc.
- Flowers: Jasmine, Crossandra, Dahlia, Hibiscus, Marigold, Orchids, Gerbera, Anthuriums, Gladiolus, etc.
- Spices: Black Pepper, Nutmeg, Kokum, Turmeric, Cinnamon, etc.
- Tubers: Colocasia, Yam, Elephant foot, Dioscorea, Sweet Potato, etc
The main sources of irrigation for winter crops are the nallahs, rivers and streams, tanks, wells, and canals. Crops grown in the Kharif season consist of paddy, ragi (locally called nachani) and some pulses. Crops grown in the rabi season are comprised of paddy, pulses like horse-gram (kulith), black gram (udid), a variety of beans, and some vegetables.
The forest produces to make up a significant part of the agriculture in Goa. The Government forest area is approximately around 1224.38 sq. km, besides this, the forest land owned by private people and institutions is around 200 sq. km. The important forest products are bamboo canes, Maratha barks, chillar barks, and bhirand. The area planted under the forest is 1424.38 sq. kilometers.