Alexander the Great is also known as Alexander III or Alexander of Macedonia. He was born in 356 BCE at Pella in Macedonia, He was the son of King Philip II of Macedonia, a realm north of Greece. When Athens was left unstable by the interminable Peloponnesian War, Philip saw an opening and took it; he subdued Greece around 339 B.C.
Alexander The Great Biography
- Born: July 356 BC, Pella.
- Nationality: Greek, Macedonian.
- Parents:Philip II of Macedon, Olympias.
- Full name: Alexander III of Macedon.
- Spouse: Roxana, Stateira II, Parysatis II.
- Children: Alexander IV of Macedon, Heracles of Macedon.
- Died: June 323 BC, Babylon.
Hw has completed his education at Meiza in 340 B.C. A year later, while still just a teen, he became a soldier and embarked on his first military expedition, against the Thracian tribes. In 338, Alexander took charge of the Companion Cavalry and aided his father in defeating the Athenian and Theban armies at Chaeronea. Once Philip II had succeeded in his campaign to unite all the Greek states into the Corinthian League, the alliance between father and son soon disintegrated. Philip married Cleopatra Eurydice, niece of General Attalus, and ousted Alexander’s mother, Olympia. Alexander and Olympia were forced to flee Macedonia and stay with Olympia’s family in Epirus until Alexander and King Philip II were able to reconcile their differences.
Consolidation of the Empire
Between 326 and 324 over a third of his satraps were superseded and six were put to death, including the Persian satraps of Persis, Susiana, Carmania, and Paraetacene; three generals in Media, including Cleander, the brother of Coenus, were accused of extortion and summoned to Carmania, where they were arrested, tried, and executed. How far the rigor that from now onward Alexander displayed against his governors represents exemplary punishment for gross maladministration during his absence and how far the elimination of men he had come to distrust is debatable; but the ancient sources generally favorable to him comment adversely on his severity.
Alexander The Great Death
He was died of malaria in Babylon, on June 13, 323 B.C. He was just 32 years old. Rhoxana gave birth to his son a few months later. After his death, his empire collapsed and the nations within it battled for power. Over time, the cultures of Greece and the Orient synthesized and thrived as a side effect of Alexander’s empire, becoming part of his legacy and spreading the spirit of Panhellenism.