Bihar is a state in eastern India. It is the 12th largest Indian state, It covers an area of 94,163 km2. The 3rd largest state by population, it is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, and with Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is split by the river Ganges, which flows from west to east. Three main regions converge in the state Magadh, Mithila, and Bhojpur. The capital city of Bihar is Patna.
Economy and Agriculture of State
The economy of Bihar was projected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 13.4%. About half of Bihar is under cultivation, but population pressure has pushed cultivation to the furthest limits, and little remains to be developed. The transitional nature of the climatic zone is reflected in the cropping pattern, which shows a mixture of wet and dry crops. Rice is everywhere the dominant crop, but wheat, maize, barley, and legumes are important supplementary crops. Sugarcane is grown in a fairly well-defined belt in the northwest. Jute, a crop of the hot, moist lowlands, is found only in the easternmost plain districts.
Emblem of Bihar
The Emblem of Bihar is the official logo or seal of the government of the Indian state of Bihar. The emblem depicts the Bodhi Tree flanked by two swastikas. The base of the tree is a brick with بہار , Urdu for “Bihar” inscribed on it.
Bihar State Symbols
Bihar State Government have revealed four symbols to be used in acceptable places and acceptable occasions to represent the state. These symbols the image of the state categorical its policy, tell concerning its wealth and virtues within the terms of Animal, Bird, Flower and Tree.
Bihar State Animal
Scientific Name: Bos gaurus
Bihar State Bird
Scientific Name: Passer domesticus
Bihar State Flower
Scientific Name : Bauhinia variegata
Scientific Name : Ficus religiosa