BR Ambedkar is also known as the Father of the Indian Constitution. Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891. This day is observed as ‘Ambedkar Jayanti’ in India. He was born into the Mahar caste, which was considered untouchable in society, BR Ambedkar faced discrimination during his childhood. His family, being of better socio-economic standing than other untouchables of that time, was able to provide education to the children.
- Full Name: Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar
- Date of Birth: 14th April 1891
- Death Date: 6th April 1956
- Cause of Death: Diabetes
- Age: 65
Education of BR Ambedkar
- In 1907, he was admitted to the Elphinstone College, becoming the first ‘untouchable’ to attain admission there.
- He secured a degree in Economics and Political Science from the college which was affiliated with the University of Bombay in 1912 and then prepared for a job with the Baroda government.
- The next year, he moved to the USA to pursue higher education. For this, he got a scholarship from the Baroda princely government.
- He completed his post-graduation and doctoral degrees in Economics from Columbia University.
- He also studied at the London School of Economics and pursued the Bar Course at Gray’s Inn.
In 1906, when he was about 15 years old, he married a nine-year-old girl, Ramabai. BR Ambedkar’s first wife Ramabai died in 1935 after a long illness. After completing the draft of India’s constitution in the late 1940s, he suffered from lack of sleep, had neuropathic pain in his legs, and was taking insulin and homeopathic medicines. He went to Bombay for treatment, and there met Sharada Kabir, whom he married on 15 April 1948, at his home in New Delhi. Doctors recommended a companion who was a good cook and had medical knowledge to care for him. She adopted the name Savita Ambedkar and cared for him for the rest of his life. Savita Ambedkar, who was called also ‘Mai’, died on May 29, 2003, aged 93 in Mumbai.
Dr. B.R Ambedkar framed many laws for Women Labours in India:
- Mines Maternity Benefit Act
- Women Labor welfare fund
- Women and Child, Labor Protection Act
- Maternity Benefit for women Labor
- Restoration of Ban on Employment of Women on Underground Work in Coal Mines
Ambedkar converted to Buddhism on 14 October 1956 in a public ceremony where a great number of his followers followed suit. He also served as India’s first Law Minister in the Interim government in 1947. As a law minister, he was opposed to Article 370 which proposed special status to Kashmir. He even supported the uniform civil code.
BR Ambedkar Death
Ambedkar has suffered from diabetes. He died in his sleep on 6 December 1956 at his home in Delhi. A Buddhist cremation was organized at Dadar Chowpatty beach on 7 December, attended by half a million grieving people.