Food Adulteration Act, 1954

Food Adulteration Act, 1954 aims at making provisions for the prevention of adulteration of food. The Act extends to the whole of India and came into force on 1st June 1955.
Food Adulteration Act

Short Title, Extent, and Commencement.

  1. This Act may be called the Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954.
  2. It extends to the whole of India.
  3. It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.

Power of the State Government to make rules.

The State Government may, after consultation with the Committee and subject to the condition of previous publication, make rules to give effect to the provisions of this Act in matters not falling within the purview of section 23.

In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may—

  • Define the powers and duties of the Food Authority, under this Act.
  • Prescribe the forms of licenses for the manufacture for sale, for the storage, for the sale and the distribution of articles of food or any specified article of food or class of articles of food, the form of application for such licenses, the conditions subject to which such licenses may be issued, the authority empowered to issue the same.
  • Direct a fee to be paid for analyzing any article of food or for any matter for which a fee may be prescribed under this Act;
  • Direct that the whole or any part of the fines imposed under this Act shall be paid to a local authority on realization;
  • Provide for the delegation of the powers and functions conferred by this Act on the State Government or the Food authority to subordinate authorities or local authorities.
  • All rules made by the State Governments under this Act, shall, as soon as possible after they are made, be laid before the respective State Legislatures.

Objectives of The Act

  • To make provision for the prevention of adulteration of food.
  • To protect the public from poisonous and harmful foods
  • Prevent the sale of substandard foods
  • Protect the interests of the consumers by eliminating fraudulent practices.

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