Football is one of the oldest sports in the world. The pinnacle of the international game comes in the form of the Football World Cup. There is also tournament such as the Euro Championships, Copa America and the African Cup of Nations. Domestically the strongest leagues come from England (English Premier League), Spain (La Liga), Italy (Serie A), and Germany (Bundesliga). In parts of the world, the sport is also known as Soccer.
Basic Rules of Football (Soccer)
- A match consists of two 45 minutes halves with a 15 minute rest period in between.
- The game is played by two teams, with each allowed no more than 11 players on the field at any one time, one of whom is a goalkeeper.
- The game begins with the toss of a coin, and the winning captain decides which goal to defend or to take the first kick-off.
- All players must use their feet head or chest to play the ball. Only the goalkeeper is allowed to use their hands, and only within their designated goal area.
- The game aims to score a goal, which is achieved by kicking or heading the ball into the opposing team’s goal.
- If the ball touches or crosses the sideline, it is thrown back in by the team that was not the last to touch the ball.
- The game is controlled by a central referee and two linesmen. They award free kicks and penalties when rules are broken. For continual breaking of rules or a bad foul, the player may be sent off.
Players & Equipment
Each team consists of 11 players. These are made up of one goalkeeper and ten outfield players. The pitch dimensions vary from each ground but are roughly 120 yards long and 75 yards wide. On each pitch, you will have a 6-yard box next to the goalmouth, an 18-yard box surrounding the 6-yard box, and a center circle. Each half of the pitch must be a mirror image of the other in terms of dimensions.
Equipment that is needed for a soccer match is a pitch and a football. Additionally, players can be found wearing studded football boots, shin pads, and matching strips. The goalkeepers will additionally wear padded gloves as they are the only players allowed to handle the ball. Each team will have a designated captain.
Winning the Game
To win you have to score more goals than that of your opponents. If the scores are level after 90 minutes then the game will end as a draw apart from in cup games where the game can go to extra time and even a penalty shootout to decide the winner. Players must use their feet to kick the ball and are prohibited to use their hands apart from goalkeepers who can use any part of their body within the 18-yard box.