Haryana is one of the states in India, It is located in the northern part of the country. It was carved out of the former state of East Punjab on 1 November 1966 on a linguistic as well as on a cultural basis. Chandigarh is the state capital city, And it is also the capital of the neighboring state of Punjab.
The state shares its boundaries with Rajasthan in the south and west, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab in the north, and the territory of Delhi in the east. The state has major rivers, they are Yamuna, Sarasvati, Ghaggar, Markanda, and the Tangri river.
Official languages in Haryana are Hindi and English. When it comes to spoken languages, people mainly speak Haryanvi, Hindi, and Punjabi. The point to be noted here is, Haryanvi is not a language; it’s just a dialect of Hindi. And Haryanvi too varies as you move along districts.
Area and Population of Haryana
The total area of the state is 44,212 km2 which makes it the 20th biggest state in India by area. As laid down by the census performed in 2011, the population of the state is 27,761,063, making it the 16th most populated state in India. The density of population in Haryana is 1,485.212/sq miles or 573.443/km2.
It contributes a large amount of wheat and rice to the Central Pool. In addition, the state produces significant quantities of cotton, rape and mustard seed, pearl millet, chickpeas, sugarcane, sorghum, corn, and potatoes. Dairy cattle, buffaloes, and bullocks, which are used for plowing the land and as draft animals, are prominent in the northeastern region. Haryana’s agricultural productivity is largely attributable to the so-called Green Revolution, an international movement launched in the 1960s to diminish world hunger. As a result of this movement, large-scale investments have been made in irrigation, fertilizers, and high-quality seeds. In the early 21st century, nearly two-fifths of the state’s workforce was employed in agriculture.
Haryana State Symbols
Haryana State Government has revealed four symbols to be used in acceptable places and acceptable occasions to represent the state. These symbols the image of the state categorical its policy, tell concerning its wealth and virtues within the terms of Animal, Bird, Flower, and Tree.
- State Animal: Blackbuck
- State Bird: Black Francolin
- State Flower: Lotus
- State Tree: Peepal