Kama Sutra

The Kama Sutra is an ancient Indian Sanskrit text on sexuality, eroticism, and emotional fulfillment in life. The Kama Sutra is neither exclusively nor predominantly a sex manual on sex positions but written as a guide to the art of living well, the nature of love, finding a life partner, maintaining one’s love life, and other aspects of pleasure-oriented faculties of human life. It is a sutra-genre text with terse aphoristic verses that have survived into the modern era with different bhasya. The text is a mix of prose and anustubh-meter poetry verses. The text acknowledges the Hindu concept of Purusharthas and lists desire, sexuality, and emotional fulfillment as one of the proper goals of life. Its chapters discuss methods for courtship, training in the arts to be socially engaging, finding a partner, flirting, maintaining power in a married life, when and how to commit adultery, sexual positions, and other topics. The majority of the book is about the philosophy and theory of love, what triggers desire, what sustains it, and how and when it is good or bad.

The text is one of many Indian texts on Kama Shastra. It is a much-translated work in Indian and non-Indian languages. The Kamasutra has influenced many secondary texts that followed after the 4th-century CE, as well as the Indian arts as exemplified by the pervasive presence of Kama-related reliefs and sculpture in old Hindu temples. Of these, the Khajuraho in Madhya Pradesh is a UNESCO world heritage site. Among the surviving temples in north India, one in Rajasthan sculpts all the major chapters and sexual positions to illustrate the Kamasutra. According to Wendy Doniger, the Kamasutra became “one of the most pirated books in the English language” soon after it was published in 1883 by Richard Burton. This first European edition by Burton does not faithfully reflect much in the Kamasutra because he revised the collaborative translation by Bhagavanlal Indrajit and Shivaram Parashuram Bhide with Forster Arbuthnot to suit 19th-century Victorian tastes.

Vātsyāyana is an ancient Indian philosopher, known for writing the Kama Sutra, the most ancient book in the world on human sexuality. He lived in India during the second or third century CE, probably in Pataliputra (modern-day Patna).
Kama Sutra
The 64 Arts Of The Kama Sutra

  1. Singing.
  2. Playing a musical instrument.
  3. Dancing.
  4. A combination of singing, using musical instruments, and dancing.
  5. Writing and drawing.
  6. The Art of Tattooing.
  7. Adorning an idol with flowers.
  8. The art of spreading flowers on a bed or the ground.
  9. Coloring fabrics, nails, and body with colors from plants.
  10. Fixing colored glass tiles on the floor.
  11. The art of making a bed.
  12. Producing music by striking glasses of water.
  13. The art of storing in reservoirs.
  14. The art of picture-making and decorating.
  15. Making rosaries, necklaces, garlands.
  16. Tying turbans.
  17. Stage playing.
  18. The art of making ear ornaments.
  19. The art of making perfumes.
  20. Proper care of jewels, decorations, and ornaments.
  21. Magic (sorcery).
  22. Manual skills.
  23. Cooking (culinary skills.
  24. Making combination drinks and flavored drinks i.e.– lemonades, sherbet, etc.
  25. Tailoring and sewing.
  26. Making handicrafts.
  27. Skills to solve riddles, puzzles, and covert speeches.
  28. The skill of Antakshari (a singing game where one must start with the letter with which other person’s song ended)
  29. The skill of imitating natural sounds.
  30. Reading, chanting, and intoning.
  31. Mastering tongue twisters.
  32. Skills in martial arts.
  33. Skill to reach logical conclusions based on given facts.
  34. Carpentry.
  35. Architecture.
  36. Knowledge about gold, silver, and gems.
  37. Chemistry (knowledge of properties of materials).
  38. The art of coloring jewels or beads.
  39. Knowledge of mines.
  40. Gardening.
  41. The art of cockfighting (getting cocks, quail, or rams to fight and make the fowl/animal victorious).
  42. Teaching parrots or starlings to talk.
  43. Applying perfumes on body and hair.
  44. Understanding of code language.
  45. Spoonerism (purposefully interchanging the position of letters of words while speakin<g.
  46. Knowledge of languages.
  47. Knowledge of making flower chariots.
  48. Making mystical graphics, spells, and charms and ways to avoid spells.
  49. Mental exercises.
  50. Composing poems.
  51. Knowledge of dictionaries and vocabulary.
  52. The art of impersonation.
  53. Impersonation of materials i.e.– make common things appear fine rare substances (make cotton appear to be silk)
  54. Knowledge of gambling.
  55. Using mantras (enchantments) to take away others’ possession.
  56. Skills in sports and games.
  57. The art of social conduct, paying respect and sending compliments.
  58. Knowledge of war, arms, and army deployment.
  59. Knowledge of gymnastics.
  60. The skills of knowing a person’s real character from his conduct.
  61. The skill of reading and composing verses.
  62. The skills of enjoying arithmetic puzzles.
  63. Making artificial flowers.
  64. Making images with clay.

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