Republic Day is a national holiday in India. It honors the date on which the Constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950 replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India and thus, turning the nation into a newly formed republic.
The Constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949 and came into effect on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system, completing the country’s transition towards becoming an independent republic. On 26 January was chosen as the date for Republic-day because it was on this day in 1929 when the Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress as opposed to the Dominion status offered by the British Regime.
Every year on January 26 celebrates as Republic-day. It is a day when the Constitution of India came into force in 1950, three years after the country got freedom from tyrannical British rule. Even after over seven decades of getting Independence.
Celebration of Republic Day
On January 26 in New Delhi, the President’s bodyguard, a 200-strong cavalry unit — draped in fine red coats, golden sashes, and resplendent turbans escort the president to the stage at the Republic-Day parade and give the order for the national anthem to begin. Attended by world leaders and beamed across the nation of 1.3 billion, on January 26 parade in New Delhi showcases India’s military might and is the premier state event of the year. August 15 and January 26 are national holidays.