The Telugu Language is the largest Dravidian language spoken by Telugu people predominantly living in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, where it is also the official language. In the early 21st century Telugu had more than 75 million speakers.
The Telugu script is derived from that of the 6th-century Calukya dynasty and is related to that of the Kannada language. Telugu literature begins in the 11th century with a version of the Hindu epic Mahabharata by the writer Nannaya Bhatta.
There are four distinct regional dialects in Telugu, as well as three social dialects that have developed around education, class, and caste. The formal, literary language is distinct from the spoken dialects—a situation known as diglossia. Like the other Dravidian languages, Telugu has a series of retroflex consonants (/ḍ/, /ṇ/, and /ṭ/) pronounced with the tip of the tongue curled back against the roof of the mouth. Grammatical categories such as case, number, person, and tense are denoted with suffixes. Reduplication, the repetition of words or syllables to create new or emphatic meanings, is common (e.g., Paka Paka ‘suddenly bursting out laughing,’ garagara ‘clean, neat, nice’).
Telugu Language Day
Telugu Language Day is observed on 29 August each year in the State of Andhra Pradesh of the Republic of India. This date was chosen to coincide with the birthday of the Telugu poet Gidugu Venkata Ramamurthy. The Government of Andhra Pradesh provides funds and presents awards with the objective of the betterment of the Telugu language. The Department of Culture is responsible for organizing the day on behalf of the Government of Andhra Pradesh.
- Gidugu Venkata Ramamurthy’s contribution to the Telugu specifically Vyavaharika Bhasha or Vaaduka Bhasha (Colloquial language) is immense.
- He simplified the Granthika Bhasha into Vyavaharika Bhasha for textbooks and literature and made it available to the people.
- He played a vital role in bringing to the forefront the beauty of colloquial language.