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What is Acceptance?

Acceptance and offer play important roles in the formation of a valid contract. For a successful contract, there must be a valid offer followed by the offer being accepted.

Types of Acceptance

All of these methods are valid, but it is best to sign a formal contract to make sure there is a binding element in the event of litigation. Ultimately, It is expressing proving consent to the contract.


The Indian Contract Act 1872 defines acceptance in Section 2 (b) as “When the person to whom the proposal has been made signifies his assent thereto, the offer is said to be accepted. Thus the proposal when accepted becomes a promise.”

When the proposal is accepted and becomes a proposal it also becomes irrevocable. An offer does not create any legal obligations, but after the offer is accepted it becomes a promise. And a promise is irrevocable because it creates legal obligations between parties. An offer can be revoked before it is accepted. But once it is communicated it cannot be revoked or withdrawn.

Essentials of a Valid Acceptance:

  1. It must be given by the person to whom the proposal is made:
  2. It can be given only when the acceptor knows the offer:
  3. Must be absolute and unconditional:
  4. It must be given within the time prescribed or within a reasonable time:
  5. Must be given before the lapse of the offer: 
  6. It must be communicated.
  7. It must be communicated to the offer or himself.
  8. That must be in the prescribed manner.
  9. It must be given in some usual and reasonable manner.
  10. That must show an intention that the acceptor is willing to fulfill the terms of the offer.
  11. It may be expressed or implied.
  12. It cannot be presumed from silence.
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