Employee Welfare is an essential part of corporate strategy. Employee or labour welfare is a comprehensive term including various services, benefits and facilities offered to employees by the employer. It covers the state of well being, happiness, satisfaction, conservation, and development of human resources.
Definitions of Employee Welfare Management
According to Arthur James Todd____” Labour welfare means anything done for the comfort and improvement, intellectual or social, of the employees over and above the wages paid which are not a necessity of the industry”.
According to ILO report,” Labour welfare means such services, facilities, and amenities, which my bee established in, or in the vicinity of undertaking to enable persons employed therein to perform their work in healthy and congenial surroundings and provided with amenities conducive to good health and high morale”.
welfare management provides an organizational framework as well as structures and processes that are aimed at a healthy design of a company’s work and organization and at promoting a health-conscious mindset and behaviour. At its heart stands the satisfaction and engagement of employees as a central criterion for any company’s competitiveness and, therefore, in its commercial success.
Nature of Employee Welfare
1. Dynamic: Employee welfare is a dynamic concept varying from country to country and from region to region within the same country. It is a flexible and ever-changing concept as new welfare measures are added to the existing measures from time to time.
2. Complementary: Welfare measures are in addition to regular wages and other economic benefits available to employees under legal provisions and collective bargaining. Welfare measures are provided not only by employers but the government, trade unions and other agencies too.
3. Dual Aspect: Welfare measures may be both voluntary and statutory. Voluntary measures are the result of paternalistic and philanthropic feelings of the employer. These may also be provided due to customs or traditions in the particular industry or region, statutory measures are prescribed under labour laws. Employees’ welfare measures are also known as fringe benefits and services.
Objectives of Employee Welfare
- To promote economic development.
- To improve efficiency.
- To provide proper human conditions of work and living.
- To minimize hazards.
- To supplement wages in monetary teams.
- To prevent social evils.