Meaning and Definition of Organizing
Organizing comprises of assigning various jobs to the relevant units, departments and sections of the business so as to attain the organizational objectives. It also requires proper coordination between these business units, departments and sections, in order to obtain an integrated process. The process of organizing is relatively simpler in small-scale organizations. It consists of deciding the necessary tasks to be performed and accordingly assigning the same to various employees.
According to Ralph C.Davis___” Organisation is a group of people who cooperate under the direction of leaderships, for the accomplishment of a common end”.
According to Gary Johns___” Organisations are social inventions for accomplishing goals through group efforts”.
Nature of Organising
- Group of People: when many people come together and strive to achieve the common goals, it is called as an organization. Thus, an organisation consists of a group of people and cannot be formed by the presence of a single person only.
- Dividing the work: Dividing the work into smaller tasks is one of the fundamental activities in any organization. The prime job of any organization is to allocate the responsibilities among various departments and divisions. The jobs are then sub-divided into smaller tasks to make the work-flow easier.
- Coordination: Organising involves allocation of different works to different employees who are working with the common objective to attain the organisational goals. Each activity is correlated and department on each other, even if conducted separately. This ensures coordination among all activities of different departments.
- Dynamic Procedure: Organization is a social unit dependent on people and their knowledge. Knowledge and experience are the factors which change frequently. These changes affect the functions of an organization. Hence, an organization cannot be rigid, as it needs to be flexible to adjust itself with the changing environment.
- Pervasive Activity: The process of organizing is required in both the business and non-business organizations. Even if the organization has two employees, organizing is needed to ensure proper execution of works. Hence, it can be said that organizing is a pervasive activity.
Principles of Organising
- Unity of Objective
- Span of Management
- Division of work
- Functional Definition
- Scalar Principles
- Exception Principle
- Unity of Command
Importance of Organising
- Increase the Management Efficiency
- Optimally Utilizes Human Resource
- Helps in Organizational Growth
- Provides Importance to Every Department
- Improves Coordination
- Allows Judging the Abilities of Employees
- Generates a Sense of Creativity