What is Recruitment and Selection?


Recruitment is a process of identifying, screening, shortlisting and hiring potential resource for filling up the vacant positions in an organization. It is a core function of Human Resource Management.

Recruitment is the process of choosing the right person for the right position and at the right time. Recruitment also refers to the process of attracting, selecting, and appointing potential candidates to meet the organization’s resource requirements.The hiring of the candidates can be done internally i.e., within the organization, or from external sources. And the process should be performed within a time constraint and it should be cost effective.

Importance of Recruitment

Recruitment is one of the most fundamental activities of the HR team. If the recruitment process is efficient, then

  • The organization gets happier and more productive employees
  • Attrition rate reduces.
  • It builds a good workplace environment with good employee relationships.
  • It results in overall growth of the organization.


The Selection is the process of choosing the most suitable candidate for the vacant position in the organization. In other words, selection means weeding out unsuitable applicants and selecting those individuals with prerequisite qualifications and capabilities to fill the jobs in the organization.

Selection process

  • Preliminary Interview
  • Receiving Applications
  • Screening of Applications
  • Employment Tests
  • Interview
  • Reference Checking
  • Medical Examination
  • Final Selection

Difference between Recruitment and Selection



Recruitment is defined as the process of identifying and making the potential candidates to apply for the jobs. It defined as the process of choosing the right candidates for the vacant positions.
It encourages large number of Candidates for a job. It attempts at rejecting unsuitable candidates.
It is a simple process. It is a complicated process.
The candidates have not to cross over many hurdles. Many hurdles have to be crossed.
It is a positive approach. It is a negative approach.
It proceeds selection. It follows recruitment.
It is an economical method. It is an expensive method.
Less time is required. More time is required.