What is Resume? Tips for Effective Resume

Resume is a document that summaries Job seeker’s work experience, educational qualification, skills and achievements for a prospective employer. It is usually required as part of a job application, and is considered essential information in order for an employer to assess whether an applicant would be a suitable candidate for a first round interview. Thus, Resume is a one or two more pages document, That refers job seeker’s educational qualifications. Thus, Resume is a marketing tool that job seekers use to communicate their value to employers.

Elements in Resume

  1. Contact information: Job seeker’s name, address, phone numbers, and email.
  2. Objective or Summary of Qualifications: Relevant and impressive qualifications for the desired position, presented at the top of the page, directly under the contact information.
  3. Work History: Present and/or past employment, including dates, companies, job titles, and relevant skills and accomplishments.
  4. Education: Highest level of education completed.
  5. Technical Skills: Here you present your technical skills like computer knowledge and any other technical skills.


Resume Types

1. Chronological

The chronological resume is exactly what its name implies. Your work history is listed in order, according to dates. Begin with your most current position and end with the earliest. Many employers prefer this type because it gives them an overview of your experience.

This basic resume type is best for those people with a solid employment background who have no lapses in their work history. It is also beneficial if most of your experience coincides with the job you are interested in.

2. Functional

Functional resume focuses on your skills and experience and de-emphasizes your work history. Employment history is secondary to the abilities you have to offer. This basic resume type is preferable if you have lapses in employment. The gaps could occur for any number of reasons such as raising a family, illness, or job loss.

It is also beneficial for new graduates who have limited employment experience or people who are in the middle of a career change. Those who have had diverse occupations with no focused career path will also find this basic resume type helpful.

3. Combination

In a combination resume you highlight both your skills and traits and provide a chronological listing of your work experience. This gives you a flexible platform to list your workplace assets and show what kind of employee you are. However, you only have so much space available. List the most recent or advanced degrees first and work in reverse order. If there are older courses that are more specific to the position, list them first.

4. Targeted

The final format you might want to consider is a targeted resume. This type of resume is customized and specific to the position you want. Your work history, abilities, and education are reflections of the job requirements.

It is important to know what skills and abilities a prospective employer is looking for in their applicants. If the ad requires self-reliance and innovative thinking, and these are traits that describe you, then showcase your experiences that will exemplify these traits. Visit the company website to find out if they are an industry leader. Does it have a strong vision or mission statement? This will help you tailor your skills and talents to match the company’s culture.

Tips for Resume Preparation

  1. Keep it professional: You should use a common font, such as Times New Roman, Ariel, Tahoma, or Calibri. The standard font size is 10 to 12 point font. Keep at least a 1″ margin. Check for spelling, punctuation, and grammatical errors, but don’t rely on spell and grammar check. A fresh set of eyes will help find errors that you might miss.
  2. Use reverse-chronological order:That means: start from your most recent job and work your way back. For your experience section, put your current job first. For your education section, put your highest degree first.
  3. Using a professionally designed template: Best resume template creates best impression about resume. For choosing better Resume Template go to online, there are so many templates available for you.
  4. Keep it Up to Date: Updating your Resume when ever change your career or professional life.