What is Transportation? Explain Different Modes

What is Transportation? Explain Different Modes

Transportation is the process of physical movement of products and people from one place to another place. The means which are used to transport products and people from one place to another place is called Transportation. It facilitates the distribution of goods from production places to other places in the country. It saves valuable time for the organization’s productivity. Here we have different types of Transportation.

Types of Transportation

  1. Land transportation
  2. Water transportation
  3. Air transportation

1. Land Transport

All Vehicles those move on the road like scooters, cars, trucks, etc. included in Land Transport. But Land transport can be subdivided into two more types: Roadways and Railways

i. Roadways: All states of a country are connected by roads and highways. These highways are well-constructed and different types of vehicles are used for different distances. Scooters, bikes, autos, etc. are used for short distances while cars, buses, and trucks are used for covering long distances. Buses are the main carrier for travelers, whereas for carrying raw material and finished goods from factories to market, Trucks are most useful.

Advantages of Road Ways

  • Economical over short distances.
  • Speedier movement.
  • Lesser conditions of service.


  • Uneconomical over long distances.
  • It is a fair-weather friend.
  • Not suitable for bulk transport.

ii. Railways: In all countries of the world, all major cities are connected with railways. Even some countries are also connected by railway. Trains carry people and bulky goods over long distances. India has the second-largest network of railways in the world. Metro is the latest and improved railway system which is most comfortable.


  • Large carrying capacity.
  • It is economical.
  • It is an all-weather model.
  • It has containerization.


  • Slower movement.
  • Inordinate delays.

2. Water Transportation

water transport included Boats, ships, steamers, and submarines. Boats and ships are used as carriages for people and goods. In the early days, people used rafts and simple boats as water transport. Boats are used for short distances while ships are used for covering longer distances. Cargo ships are used to transport tons of goods like oil tankers for carrying goods, internationally.


  • It is a cheaper means of transport.
  • suitable for heavy and fragile products.
  • Easy Loading and unloading facilities.


  • Slow speed.
  • Unreliable.
  • Limited service.

3. Air Transportation

Air Transport includes airplanes and helicopters which are very fast means of transport. Today, almost all nations of our earth are interconnected by air transport. However, air transport is more expensive compared to other means of transport.

An Aeroplan carries both people and goods from one country to another country, It flies over deserts, forests, mountains, seas, and oceans. The place from where Aeroplanes take off or land is called an airport. Helicopters are most useful for rescue operations while disasters like floods, earth quack, etc., as they can take us to places where Aeroplanes cannot go. The rocket used to go out of the earth’s atmosphere, into space. This is the fastest mean of transport. With a rocket, human beings can reach the moon now.


  •  Fastest means of transport.
  • All-weather friend.
  • Consumer satisfaction.
  • Reduced inventory holdings.


  • It is costlier means of transport.
  •  Limited coverage.
  • Limited cargo capacity.

4. Pipe-Lines

Pipelines are the specialized means of transportation designed to move items like crude oil, petroleum, chemicals, coal, limestone, iron ore, copper concentrates, and gas. India has made a late beginning in this regard unlike the U.S.A., U.S.S.R., and Middle East, and the development is undertaken only in case of oil refineries to move petrol and gas from sources to markets.


  • Economical.
  • Uninterrupted service.
  • No danger of wastage.
  • Underground.


  • Initial heavy investment.
  • The danger of enemy attacks.