Transportation is the process of physical movement of products and people from one place to another place. The means which are used to transport products and people from one place to another place is called Transportation. It facilitates to distribute goods from production place to another place in the country. It saves valuable time for the organization’s productivity. Here we have different types of Transportation.
Types of Transportation
- Land transportation
- Water transportation
- Air transportation
1. Land Transport
All Vehicles those move on the road like scooters, cars, truck, etc. included in Land Transport. But Land transport can be subdivided into two more types: Roadways and Railways
i. Roadways: All states of a country are connected to each other by roads and highways. These highways are well-constructed and different types of vehicles used for different distances. Scooters, bikes, and auto, etc. used for short distances while cars, buses, and trucks used for covering long distances. Buses are the main carrier for travelers, whereas for carrying raw material and finished goods from factories to market, Trucks are most useful.
Advantages of Road Ways
- Economical over short distances.
- Speedier movement.
- Lesser conditions of service.
- Uneconomical over long distances.
- It is a fair-weather friend.
- Not suitable for bulk transport.
ii. Railways: In all countries of the world, all major cities are connected with railways. Even some countries are also connected by railway. Trains carry people and bulky goods over long distances. India has the second-largest network of railways in the world. Metro is the latest and improved railway system which is most comfortable.
- Large carrying capacity.
- It is economical.
- It is an all-weather modes.
- It has a containerization.
- Slower movement.
- Inordinate delays.
2. Water Transportation
water transport included Boats, ships, steamers, and submarine. Boats and ships are used as carriage of people and goods. In the early days, people used rafts and simple boats as water transport. Boats are used for short distances while ships are used for covering longer distances. Cargo ships are used to transport tones of goods like oil tankers for carrying goods, internationally.
- It is a cheaper means of transport.
- suitable for heavy and fragile products.
- Easy Loading and unloading facilities.
- Slow speed.
- Limited service.
3. Air Transportation
Air Transport includes airplanes and helicopters which are very fast means of transport. Today, almost all nations of our earth are interconnected by air transport. However, air transport is more expensive as compared to other means of transport.
An Aeroplan carries both people and goods from one country to another country, It flying over deserts, forests, mountains, seas, and oceans. The place from where Aeroplanes take off or land is called an airport. Helicopters are most useful for rescue operations while disasters like floods, earth quack etc., as they can take us to places where Aeroplanes cannot go. The rocket used to go out of earth’s atmosphere, in space. This is the fastest mean of transport. With rocket, human beings are able to reach the moon now.
- Fastest means of transport.
- All-weather friend.
- Consumer satisfaction.
- Reduced inventory holdings.
- It is costlier means of transport.
- Limited coverage.
- Limited cargo capacity.
Pipe-lines are the specialized means of transportation designed to move items like crude oil, petroleum, chemicals, coal, limestone, iron ore, copper concentrates, and gas. India has made a late beginning in this regard unlike the U.S.A., U.S.S.R., and Middle-East, and the development is undertaken only in case of oil refineries to move petrol and gas from sources to markets.
- Uninterrupted service.
- No danger of wastage.
- Initial heavy investment.
- The danger of enemy attacks.