Acute And Chronic Diseases

Definition of Acute Diseases

An acute disease that occurs suddenly and lasts for a few days is known as Acute Disease. Many times, acute diseases turn chronic if they continue to persist. Acute diseases can occur throughout all body systems. Furthermore, an acute disease is often not life-threatening. Examples of acute diseases include broken bones, typhoid, cold, viruses like the flu and rotavirus, and infections like pink eye and urinary tract infections. Sometimes acute diseases can be severe and require emergency medical attention.

Definition of Chronic Disease

A chronic disease refers to a long-lasting health condition. Furthermore, the chronic disease requires ongoing medical attention for its long duration and 100% cure may be difficult to achieve. Moreover, some examples of chronic diseases are cancer, arthritis, cystic fibrosis, diabetes, etc.

They can be controlled by:

  • Participation in physical activity
  • Healthy diet
  • Don’t smoke
  • Controlling alcohol consumption
  • A chronic illness is very stressful. The stress obstructs and delays your recovery.

Differences Between Acute and Chronic Diseases

Acute Diseases

Chronic Diseases

These diseases occur suddenly.

They occur over a prolonged period.

Acute diseases are a shorter period.

They last longer, even for a lifetime.

They do not cause damage to the body.

Chronic diseases are damage the body of the patient.

They are not fatal.

Chronic diseases are fatal.

Examples of acute diseases are common cold, jaundice, typhoid, malaria.

Examples of chronic diseases are HIV, Elephantiasis, Cancer, Tuberculosis

Acute Diseases vs Chronic Diseases

Important Points on Acute Disease and Chronic Disease

  • Acute diseases refer to a medical condition that occurs suddenly and lasts for a shorter period.
  • Chronic diseases develop slowly and last for a lifetime.
  • Chronic diseases are sometimes fatal.
  • Acute diseases, if it persists for a long time, can be fatal, otherwise can be treated by certain medications.
  • Acute diseases are common cold, typhoid, jaundice, cholera, burns, etc.
  • Chronic diseases include diabetes, cancer, tuberculosis, arthritis, etc.

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