The African bullfrog is a type of frog found mainly in southern Africa. The number of African bullfrogs in the wild is falling. Nevertheless, they are still fairly common in some parts of Africa. They were living in many different habitats in Africa. They are found in grasslands, shrublands, freshwater lakes, and marshes. They also may be found on farmland. Some people keep African bullfrogs as pets.
The African bullfrog lives in a variety of arid and semiarid habitats in central and southern Africa. This frog has long ridges on the skin of its back and a huge head.
- Common Names: African bullfrog, pixie frog.
- Scientific Name: Pyxicephalus adspersus.
- Adult Size: Males are 10 inches long and 4 pounds or more; females are 6 inches long and around 2 pounds.
- Life Expectancy: 15 to 25 years.
The African bullfrog is one of the largest species of frogs. (The largest is the goliath frog of central Africa.) Males are much larger than females. Males can weigh as much as 2 kilograms. They are about 18 centimeters long.
The bullfrog’s skin is dull green. A male’s dewlap, which is the loose skin hanging from the throat, is yellow. A female’s dewlap is a cream color. Young African bullfrogs are brightly patterned, often with a yellow stripe down the back.
African bullfrogs are carnivorous and will consume nearly any animal that can be overpowered and can fit in their huge mouths. Prey items may include invertebrates, other species of frogs, reptiles, small mammals, and even small birds. Cannibalism is a common occurrence beginning the moment they metamorphose. Many of their first meals will be a member of the same egg mass.
Reproduction of African Bullfrog
Female African bullfrogs lay up to 4,000 eggs at a time in shallow water. Tadpoles emerge from the eggs about two days later. They are fat, heart-shaped, and gray or black in color. Males watch over the tadpoles as they develop into little frogs. After about 18 days, the young frogs leave the water. Only a few of them survive. Many of them are eaten by other African bullfrogs.