Agricultural practices basically a collection of principles to apply for farm production processes in order to get better agricultural products. They are simply practices used in agriculture to facilitate farming.
- Soil Enrichment: There are various methods that are used to improve the quality of the soil. Two majorly used types are organic and inorganic methods. The organic methods perform better than the inorganic in terms of biodiversity promotion.
- Crop Rotation: This practice of growing different crops on the same land in the success method is mainly to preserve the productive capacity of the soil. It is the practice of growing a series of dissimilar crops in the same area in sequenced seasons. It is mainly done so that the soil of the frame is not used for only one set of nutrients. It also helps in reducing soil erosion and increase soil fertility and crop yielding.
- Sowing: Selection of seeds of good quality crop strains is the primary stage of sowing. After the preparation of soil, these seeds are dispersed in the field and this is called sowing. Sowing can be done manually, by hand, or by using seed drilling machines. Some crops like paddy are first grown into seedlings in a small area and then transplanted to the main field.
- Manuring: Manure is the decomposition product of plant and animal wastes. Fertilizers are chemical compounds consisting of plant nutrients and are produced commercially. Apart from providing nutrients to crop, manure replenishes soil fertility as well. Other methods for soil replenishment are vermicompost, crop rotation, planting of leguminous plants.
- Irrigation: Irrigation is the supply of water. Sources of water can be wells, ponds, lakes, canals, dams, etc. Over irrigation may lead to waterlogging and damage to the crop. This frequency and interval between successive irrigation need to be controlled.
- Weeding: Weeds are unwanted plants that grow among crops. They are removed by using weedicides, by manually pulling them with hands and some are removed during soil preparation.
- Harvesting: Once the crop is matured, it is cut and gathered, this process is called harvesting. Followed by harvesting, grains are separated from the chaff either by threshing, or manually on a small scale.
- Storage: Grains yielded are stored in granaries or bins at godowns for later use or marketing. Therefore, methods of crop protection need to be better. In order to protect grains from pests and rodents- cleaning, drying, fumigation, etc., are done prior to storing.