Angiosperms are vascular plants that bear fruit or mature ovaries with seeds. Flowers that bear reproductive organs and fruits are produced by angiosperm. These plants are more adaptive and very widely distributed to the terrestrial habitat.
Fruits trees including Mango, Apple, Banana, Peach, Cherry, Orange, and Pear often showy flowers before they bear fruits, and the pollination process is generally carried out by agents such as bees.
Grains including rice, corn, and wheat are also examples of Angiosperm. In these plants, the pollination process is carried out by the wind. Other examples of Angiosperms include roses, lilies, Broccoli, kale, Petunias, Eggplant, Tomato, Peppers, and sugarcanes.
Gymnosperms are other groups of plants that carry seeds without coating directly on sporophylls. Gymnosperms are vascular plants of the Kingdom Plantae that bear naked seeds, as the name suggests. Cypress, Gnetum, oak, spruce, redwood, ginkgo, cycads, juniper, fir, and Welwitschia are only a few examples of these plants. There are very few gymnosperm varieties.
Differences Between Angiosperms And Gymnosperms
|The seed is produced by flowering plants and is enclosed in the ovaries.||The seed is produced by non-flowering plants and is either unenclosed or bare.|
|The life cycle of these plants is seasonal.||The plants are evergreen|
|Has a triploid tissue||Has haploid tissues|
|The leaves are flat in shape;||Leaves are scale-like and needle-like in shape.|
|Type of hardwood||Type of softwood|
|Reproduction is based on animals||Reproduction is based on wind|
|Vessels are absent||Vessels are present|
|Phloem lacks companion cells||Companion cells are present|
|Reproductive system present in flowers (unisexual or bisexual)||Reproductive system present in cones and unisexual|
|Double fertilization present||Double fertilization absent|
|Herbs shrubs or trees||Mostly trees|
|Style and stigma present||Style and stigma absent|
|Archegonia absent||Archegonia present|
|Sperms have no flagella and so are deposited on the egg||Sperms have flagella and swim through the ovule to reach the egg|