Arctic Fox is also known as the Polar fox, or snow fox is small and native to the Arctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere and common throughout the Arctic tundra biome. It is well adapted to living in cold environments and is best known for its thick, warm fur that is also used as camouflage. It has a large and very fluffy tail.
The Polar fox preys on many small creatures such as lemmings, voles, ringed seal pups, fish, waterfowl, and seabirds. It also eats carrion, berries, seaweed, and insects, and other small invertebrates. Arctic foxes form monogamous pairs during the breeding season and they stay together to raise their young in complex underground dens. Occasionally, other family members may assist in raising their young. Natural predators of the Arctic fox are golden eagles, polar bears, wolverines, red foxes, wolves, and grizzly bears.
About Polar fox
Common Name: Arctic Fox
Scientific Name: Vulpes lagopus
Group Name: Skulk, leash
Life Span: 3 to 6 years
Weight: 6.5 to 17 pounds
Facts About Arctic Fox
- It can smell a seal den a mile away.
- They can be white, brown, or even blueish-gray. Its color depends on the time of year.
- Snow fox using dens for generations, some are as old as 300 years.
- They have small ears. That reduces heat loss because less is exposed to the cold.
It is an incredible animal that can survive frigid Arctic temperatures as low as –58°F in the treeless lands where it makes its home. It has furry soles, short ears, and a short muzzle all-important adaptations to the chilly clime. They live in burrows, and in a blizzard, they may tunnel into the snow to create shelter.
When the seasons change, the fox’s coat turns as well, adopting a brown or gray appearance that provides cover among the summer tundra’s rocks and plants. Female foxes give birth each spring to a large litter of up to 14 pups.