What is Blood Cancer?

Blood Cancer is also called by the term hematologic cancer. This syndrome develops when the bone marrow and the blood cells get affected. Therefore, the production and function of these cells stop functioning and the cancer cells grow out of control. There are three major types of blood cancer:

  1. Leukemia
  2. Lymphoma
  3. Myeloma

1. Lymphoma: Lymphoma is a type of blood cancer that affects your lymphatic system, an important part of your immune system that produces and transports white blood cells around your body. It also removes waste products from your blood. Lymphoma can develop in many parts of your body, including your lymph nodes, bone marrow, blood, spleen, and other organs. There are two main types of lymphoma, based on how they behave and their treatment:

    • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
    • Hodgkin lymphoma 

2. Myeloma: It affects a certain type of white blood cell called a plasma cell. These cells are made in your bone marrow and produce antibodies that help fight infection.Blood-cancer-cell

Symptoms of Blood Cancer

  • Fever, chills
  • Persistent fatigue, weakness
  • Loss of appetite, nausea
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Night sweats
  • Bone/joint pain
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Headaches
  • Shortness of breath
  • Frequent infections
  • Itchy skin or skin rash
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, underarms or groin

Treatment

Treatment for blood cancer depends on the type of cancer, your age, how fast the cancer is progressing, where cancer has spread, and other factors. Some common blood cancer treatments include:

  • Stem cell transplantation: A stem cell transplant infuses healthy blood-forming stem cells into the body. Stem cells may be collected from the bone marrow, circulating blood, and umbilical cord blood.
  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy uses anticancer drugs to interfere with and stop the growth of cancer cells in the body. Chemotherapy for blood cancer sometimes involves giving several drugs together in a set regimen. This treatment may also be given before a stem cell transplant.
  • Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy may be used to destroy cancer cells or to relieve pain or discomfort. It may also be given before a stem cell transplant.

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