Breast cancer is cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts. It can occur in both men and women, but it’s far more common in women. It is cancer that develops in breast cells. Typically, the cancer forms in either the lobules or the ducts of the breast. Lobules are the glands that produce milk, and ducts are the pathways that bring the milk from the glands to the nipple. Cancer can also occur in the fatty tissue or the fibrous connective tissue within your breast.
Risk factors include being female, obesity, a lack of physical exercise, alcoholism, hormone replacement therapy during menopause, ionizing radiation, early age at first menstruation, having children late in life or not at all, older age, and a family history of that cancer.
Symptoms of Breast Cancer
- A breast lump or thickening that feels different from the surrounding tissue
- Change in the size, shape or appearance of a breast
- Changes to the skin over the breast, such as dimpling
- A newly inverted nipple
- Peeling, scaling, crusting or flaking of the pigmented area of skin surrounding the nipple (areola) or breast skin
- Redness or pitting of the skin over your breast, like the skin of an orange
Prevention of Breast Cancer
It cannot be completely prevented, But in advance, it can be greatly reduced by several things. Ex: Maintaining healthy body weight, decreasing alcohol consumption, and ceasing to smoke can each contribute to a reduction in cancer risk.
Research also suggests that dietary factors can influence cancer survival. Ex: Some women who have consumed a diet low in fat and high in vegetables, fruits, and grains over the course of years and are diagnosed with cancer have a reduced risk of dying from the disease. Long-term dietary changes can significantly benefit survival among women with cancer who exhibit characteristics of metabolic syndrome.