Cattle farming involves rearing and management of two types of animals one group for food requirements like milk and another for labour purposes like ploughing, irrigation, etc. Animals which provide milk are called milch/dairy animals. For Ex: goats, buffalo, cows, etc. Animals which are used for labour are called draught animals.
We can enhance milk production by increasing this lactation period. But along with milk production, quality must also meet. Dairy farm management is the management of the milch animals to enhance the quantity and quality of the milk produced. For this reason, high yielding and disease resistant breeds are developed.
Benefits of Cattle Farming
- Milk cattle are used widely for processing milk
- The draught cattle are commonly used for labour In connection with streams such as agriculture where they are used in carting and irrigation.
- The cattle farm is considered to improve farmers’ total income and to boost their living conditions.
- As a means of manure for soil enrichment and as a source of biofuel, the animal waste which is produced can be used.
- For a significant number of people, it is a source of employment.
Cattle farming are not all about milk or meat production. It has some responsibilities to do. To meet the human requirements, we need to take good care and need proper management of livestock.
- Shelter: In cattle farming, animals are maintained in a strictly hygienic manner with proper housing. For the maintenance, we need to follow some routines. Animals and their sheds need to be cleaned at a regular interval. Animals should be brushed regularly to remove the dirt and bugs in their body. The shed should be well-ventilated and roofed so that animals are protected from rain, heat, and cold. A proper drainage system should be there to remove animal waste.
- Food: Food requirements of animals are also a part of cattle farming. To maintain high yielding and disease-resistant breeds, they must be provided with an adequate water supply and nutrient-rich fodder regularly according to their needs. In cattle farming, two factors are considered regarding the food of cattle. The food that is provided must keep the animal health as well as it should meet the farming requirement. An adequate proportion of these rations promote healthy and high output animals.
- Disease Management: The third responsibility of cattle farming management is to maintain disease-free breeds. Animals are not an exception to disease. They also suffer from numerous diseases. This may affect the health as well as productivity of animals; even cause their death. Parasites, bacteria, and viruses are the major villains here. These microbes infect the cattle externally as well as internally. Vaccination is the one solution for the protection against bacterial and viral infections.