Female Sex Hormones are naturally produced and secreted by the glands of the endocrine system. The female sex hormones are estrogen, and progesterone is secreted for the influence on a woman’s reproductive health and is termed as female hormones. Apart from these, testosterone hormones normally considered as the male hormone is also produced by the ovaries in very small quantities. Hormones have multiple important effects on women’s health as their role being played in women’s fertility along with the fact that female hormones are more dominant in women than men.
Types of Female Hormones
- Estrogen: Estrogen is the major female hormone. It plays a big role in reproductive and sexual development, including puberty, menstruation pregnancy menopause. It also affects the brain, cardiovascular system, hair, musculoskeletal system, skin, and urinary tract.
- Progesterone: Similar to estrogen, progesterone is also produced in the adrenal tissue and ovaries. The progesterone hormone performs its function in the second half of the cycle. It forms the uterus lining for the eggs to be implanted after ovulation. Experts noted that the production of progesterone initiates to wane after menopause in women. Low levels of progesterone could be behind symptoms like mood swings, irritability, depression, weight gain, osteoporosis, and other joint pains. Estrogen rises to be the primary sex hormone when progesterone is low and leads to estrogen dominance.
- HCG-Human ChorionicGonadotrophin: Human chorionic gonadotrophin is another hormone that is produced naturally in women. HCG is made in the cells that make up the placenta at the time of pregnancy, This hormone is found in both urine and blood tests for pregnancy. Studies show that the levels of HCG double every third day and the reduction after the 12th week of pregnancy. The role of HCG in pregnancy is to maintain the production of progesterone that keeps the body warm and maintains the uterus lining in pregnancy.
- Testosterone: Testosterone is typically considered to be a male hormone but similar to a small amount of estrogen is formed in men, a little amount of testosterone is also formed in women. This testosterone hormone is developed by other hormones namely DHEA and DHEA-S.