Liver cancer is cancer that starts in the liver. The liver is the largest glandular organ in the body and performs various critical functions to keep the body free of toxins and harmful substances. The liver sits below the right lung, just under the ribcage. It is one of the largest organs of the human body and has many essential functions, including removing toxins from the body.
When it develops in the liver, It destroys liver cells and interferes with the ability of the liver to function normally. It is generally classified as primary or secondary. Primary liver cancer begins in the cells of the liver. Secondary liver cancer develops when cancer cells from another organ spread to the liver.
Symptoms of Liver Cancer
- Abdominal pain
- Unexplained weight loss
- Swelling in the abdomen or fluid buildup
- Back pain
It might also cause swollen veins that are visible under the abdominal skin, as well as bruising and bleeding. It also leads to high levels of calcium and cholesterol and low blood sugar levels.
How It Can Treat?
- Hepatectomy: It is performed to remove either a portion of the liver or all of the liver. This surgery is usually done when the cancer is confined. Over time, the remaining healthy tissue will regrow and replace the missing part.
- Chemotherapy: It can be effective in treating liver cancer, but many people experience side effects during treatment, including vomiting, decreased appetite, and chills. Chemotherapy can also increase your risk of infection.
- Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy involves the use of high-energy radiation beams to kill cancer cells. It can be delivered by external beam radiation or by internal radiation.
- Liver transplant: It involves replacing the entire diseased liver with a healthy liver from a suitable donor.
- Ablation: Ablation involves the use of heat or ethanol injections to destroy the cancer cells. It’s performed using local anesthesia. This numbs the area to prevent you from feeling any pain. Ablation can help people who aren’t candidates for surgery or a transplant.