Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is cancer that forms in tissues of the lung, usually in the cells that line the air passages. It is the leading cause of cancer death in both men and women.

Symptoms of Lung Cancer

It may include the following signs and symptoms:

  • A new cough that doesn’t go away.
  • Coughing up blood, even a small amount.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Chest pain.
  • Hoarseness.
  • Losing weight without trying.
  • Bone pain.
  • Headache.

Lung Cancer

How is lung cancer Diagnosed?

  • A family history
  • A physical exam
  • Imaging tests, such as a chest x-ray or chest CT scan
  • Lab tests, including tests of your blood and sputum
  • A biopsy of the lung

What are the treatments for lung cancer?

The treatments for small cell lung cancer include:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Laser therapy, which uses a laser beam to kill cancer cells
  • Endoscopic stent placement. An endoscope is a thin, tube-like instrument used to look at tissues inside the body. It may be used to put in a device called a stent. The stent helps to open an airway that has been blocked by abnormal tissue.

The treatments for non-small cell lung cancer include:

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapy, which uses drugs or other substances that attack specific cancer cells with less harm to normal cells
  • Immunotherapy
  • Laser therapy
  • Photodynamic therapy (PDT), which uses medicine and a certain type of laser light to kill cancer cells
  • Cryosurgery, which uses an instrument to freeze and destroy abnormal tissue
  • Electrocautery, a treatment that uses a probe or needle heated by an electric current to destroy abnormal tissue

How it can be prevented?

  • Stop smoking.
  • Lower your exposure to hazardous substances at work
  • Lower your radon exposure. Radon tests can show whether your home has high levels of radon. You can buy a test kit yourself or hire a professional to do the test.

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