Plants and Animals are living things on this planet. Both use full to survive so many organisms.
|Plants are green in color due to the presence of chlorophyll and are able to prepare their own food with the help of sunlight, water, and air. They are known for providing oxygen to the atmosphere.||Animals are living organisms that feed on organic material and are known to have a specialized system in their body like the nervous system, reproductive system, sense organs, which make them unique from the other forms of life.|
|They do not have the ability to move from one place to another, as plants are rooted into the ground, exceptions are Volvox and Chlamydomonas.||They can move from one place to another freely, and exceptions are Sponges and Corals.|
|Plants have chlorophyll, due to which they have the capability to prepare their own food and are known as autotrophs.||Animals are the heterotrophs, as they depend on plants for their food, either directly or indirectly.|
|Plants do not have a digestive system, and the storage of food takes place in the form of starch.||They have a digestive system that supports the food in digesting and absorbing nutrition from it, the food is stored in the form of glycogen.|
|Plants take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen into the atmosphere, exchange of gases occurs through stomata.||Animals take in oxygen and release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which occurs through the lungs, gills, skin, etc.|
|The cellular structure of plants contains the cell wall, chloroplast, plasmodesmata, plastids, and other different organelles.||The cellular structure of animals does not have cell walls, though other organelles like the tight junction, cilia are present.|
|The growth of the plants takes place throughout life, the meristematic system present in the tip of roots and stems supports the growth.||The organs and organ system support the growth and are definite.|
|Reproduction of plants takes place asexually like by budding, vegetative methods, spores, wind, or through insects.||Some lower animals like algae reproduce asexually while higher animals reproduce sexually.|
|Plants show the response to stimuli like touch, light, though are less sensitive due to the absence of the sense organs.||They have a nervous system and respond to any stimuli in a fraction of seconds, so they are regarded as highly sensitive.|
Similarities Between Plants and Animals
- Both are alive and at a certain stage, both will die.
- For reproduction, they have organs.
- They have energy converting and utilizing systems.
- They’ve got RNA and DNA.
- To grow and supply the body, they have cells that need unique nutrients, pH levels, macromolecules, and so on.
- They’ve got a way to protect themselves.
- They have complicated structures for transportation.