What is Pomology?

Pomology is a branch of botany that studies fruit and its cultivation. Pomological research is mainly focused on the development, enhancement, cultivation, and physiological studies of fruit trees. The goals of fruit tree improvement include enhancement of fruit quality, regulation of production periods, and reduction of production cost. One involved in the science of pomology is called a pomologist.

Importance of Pomology

Pomology is important science. Fruit trees are not easy to grow and require specific information on how to cultivate depending upon the variety and cultivar. Some of this information has been passed down and some have been improved upon over time by the work of pomologists. The importance of pomology in horticulture can’t be stressed enough. Without these studies, there would likely be very little variety, let alone the number of fruits and nuts available.

Pomology

What Does a Pomologist do?

One of the major duties of a pomologist is developing new cultivars. New and improved fruit and nut varieties are constantly being manipulated to improve things such as disease resistance. Pomologists also study fertilization and pruning methods to identify those that are most effective at keeping the trees healthy and productive. Along the same lines, they study pests, infections, diseases, and adverse weather conditions that might affect yields.
As a pomologist studies the growing conditions of different fruit and nut trees, they are also watering, pruning, and transplanting crops. At the same time during their studies, pomologists are looking for new ways to grow more sustainable crops that have less of an impact on the environment.

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