The function of Sex hormones
Sex hormones play a vital role in reproduction and sexual development. These are mainly produced by the gonads and adrenal glands. The sex hormones are generally involved in:
- Sexual development.
- Inflammatory responses.
- Promoting hair growth.
- Regulating cholesterol levels.
- Body fat distribution.
- Growth of body and some organs.
The levels of sex hormones keep fluctuating the entire life. These fluctuations can lead to health issues such as hair loss, bone loss, infertility, etc.
There are several factors that affect the levels of these hormones. These include:
Difference between Estrogen and Progesterone
|Meaning||The type of female hormone which triggers the development and in the function of the secondary sexual characters like mammary glands, uterus, pubic, armpit hairs, etc.||The type of female hormone which induced the changes during the pregnancy like the formation of the placenta, attachment of the embryo to the uterine wall, etc.|
|Produced by||Graffian follicle in the ovary.||Corpus luteum in the ovary.|
|Regulated by||Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH).||Luteinizing Hormone (LH).|
|Released by||Estrogen hormone is released by ovaries before the ovulation.||Progesterone is released by the ovaries after ovulation.|
|It is also produced during pregnancy by the placenta.||This hormone is also produced during pregnancy by the placenta.|
|Function||Estrogen enhances the enlargement of the breast and the uterus at the time of pregnancy.||Progesterone triggers the growth of the mammary gland and functions in the contraction of the uterus.|
|It also helps in the formation and in the regulation of secondary sexual characteristics.||It is also involved in the maintenance of the uterus and endometrium.|