What is Diabetes Mellitus?

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition or a disease that affects the body’s ability to use the energy found in the food. It is referred to as Diabetes. It is the condition where the pancreas gland does not generate enough insulin required by the body to regulate glucose metabolism.

The body breaks down the carbohydrates and sugar and then converts them into a special sugar called Glucose. This glucose is used to fuel up the body. But our body needs insulin, to convert this glucose into glycogen. During this condition, the body does not produce insulin, hence it leads to high blood sugar levels in the body which are called Diabetes Mellitus. This condition is usually related to the pancreas, an organ that is involved in producing insulin.

Types of Diabetes Mellitus

  • Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: It is one of Diabetes where the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin in the body and destroys the immune system. It is called insulin-dependent diabetes.  This process involves injecting insulin through the skin.
  • Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: This is a condition where the pancreas produces some insulin in the body. But the produced insulin is not sufficient as per the body’s requirements and the cells are resistant to it. This condition is called Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
  • Gestational diabetes: It is a type of diabetes that usually occurs when a pregnant woman develops high blood sugar levels without a previous history of diabetes.

Main Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus

  • Increased thirst.
  • Weight loss.
  • Increased urination.
  • Hunger due to starvation of cells.
  • Fatigue.
  • Slow healing of wounds.
  • Tingling sensation in the feet or the toes.

diabetes mellitus


The smallest blood vessels of the body are damaged due to the production of high blood sugar levels. This, in turn, leads to a decrease in the blood flow level in the body resulting in the death of tissues. This condition also affects the other parts of the body such as the heart, kidneys, nervous system, etc. Hence it has a large effect on the immune system of the body by completely damaging it.

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