What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a metabolic disease or a condition in which the glucose levels in the blood will be high over a prolonged period. In other words, it can be defined as a condition that occurs when the body cannot efficiently make use of glucose that serves as a source of energy for body cells. Blood sugar levels are controlled by a hormone called insulin.

It is caused due to the insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas or it may occur if the cells of the body are not effectively responding to the insulin produced.
Diabetes Prevention

Types of Diabetes

It is categorized into the following types based on the reason for their cause:

  • Diabetes Mellitus: The body cannot effectively use or respond to the insulin produced by the body, and as a result, blood sugar levels cannot be regulated effectively. It is further classified into two types, namely:
  • Type 1 Diabetes: It is known as Diabetes Mellitus Type 1. It occurs when the pancreas fails to produce sufficient insulin. The consequent lack of insulin causes an increase in glucose levels in urine and blood.

Symptoms

  • Unexplained weight loss.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Always feeling hungry.
  • Itching, skin infections.
  • Having cuts that heal slowly.
  • Blurred vision.

Type 2 Diabetes

It is called Diabetes Mellitus Type 2. The prime reason for the occurrence of type 2 diabetes is due to obesity and lack of exercise in genetically biased people.

Symptoms in Women

Some of the symptoms experienced by women are the same as men but some symptoms are experienced only by women. They are stated below.

  • They are prone to urinary infections.
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
  • Female Sexual Dysfunction.
  • Vaginal and Oral Yeast Infections and Vaginal Thrush.

Diabetes Insipidus

It occurs When the body is unable to respond or produce the Antidiuretic hormone, which is secreted by the hypothalamus. This hormone helps the kidneys manage the amount of water in the human body. Without this essential hormone, the kidneys pass an abnormally large volume of urine that is odorless and dilute.

Gestational Diabetes

This condition occurs in pregnant women who develop high blood sugar levels without a previous history. The condition usually resolves after delivery.

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