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What is Hypothalamus?

The hypothalamus is a tiny gland located towards the base of the brain and lies above the pituitary gland. It is a small organ located in the brain that controls secretions from the pituitary gland which sends hormones to different organs. The hypothalamus is part of the forebrain and is at the base of the thalamus bordered on the sides by temporal lobes and optic tracts. It includes many centers that control not only our body temperature but also our daily activities.

Structure of Hypothalamus

The structure of the hypothalamus is made up of three main regions:

Functions of Hypothalamus

Following are the important functions of the hypothalamus:

Hormones Secreted by Hypothalamus

The anterior region of the hypothalamus is responsible for hormone secretion. The nuclei present in this region lead the process. The important hormones secreted by the hypothalamus are:

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