What is AIDS?
AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. It is a disease caused by the HIV virus. In this condition, a person’s immune system becomes too weak to fight any kind of infection or disease. It is an advanced HIV infection or late-stage HIV. Someone with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome may develop a wide range of health conditions like pneumonia, thrush, fungal infections, TB, toxoplasmosis.
There is also an increased risk of developing a medical illness like cancer and brain illnesses. CD4 count refers to the number of T-lymphocytes in a cubic millimeter of blood. A person may be referred to as “AIDS-affected” when the CD4 count drops below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood.
Symptoms of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
- Muscle & Joint Pain
- Sore throat
- Night Sweats
- Red rashes
- Mouth sores
- Swollen lymph glands
- Weight Loss
Risk factors of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
- Have unprotected sex: Use a new latex or polyurethane condom every time you have sex. Anal sex is riskier than is vaginal sex. Your risk of HIV increases if you have multiple sexual partners.
- Having an STI: Sexually transmitted disease, whereas STI means sexually transmitted infection. Essentially, the difference is between a disease and an infection. Not all diseases begin with infections, but many do. Sexually transmitted diseases first begin as sexually transmitted infections.
- Use IV drugs. People who use IV drugs often share needles and syringes. This exposes them to droplets of other people’s blood.
Difference Between AIDS and HIV
|Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is the disease.||Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV) is the causal factor (reason) for AIDS|
|Complications and secondary infections from this disease kill the host.||The virus is incapable of killing a host by itself.|
|AIDS is a condition acquired only after the contraction of HIV||HIV is a virus and like other viruses, can spread from person to person.|