AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)

What is AIDS?

AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. It is a disease caused by the HIV virus. In this condition, a person’s immune system becomes too weak to fight any kind of infection or disease. It is an advanced HIV infection or late-stage HIV. Someone with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome may develop a wide range of health conditions like pneumonia, thrush, fungal infections, TB, toxoplasmosis.
There is also an increased risk of developing a medical illness like cancer and brain illnesses. CD4 count refers to the number of T-lymphocytes in a cubic millimeter of blood. A person may be referred to as “AIDS-affected” when the CD4 count drops below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood.AIDS-symbol

Symptoms of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

  • Fever
  • Muscle & Joint Pain
  • Chilis
  • Headaches
  • Sore throat
  • Night Sweats
  • Red rashes
  • Mouth sores
  • Tiredness
  • Swollen lymph glands
  • Weakness
  • Weight Loss
  • Diarrhea

Risk factors of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

  • Have unprotected sex: Use a new latex or polyurethane condom every time you have sex. Anal sex is riskier than is vaginal sex. Your risk of HIV increases if you have multiple sexual partners.
  • Having an STI: Sexually transmitted disease, whereas STI means sexually transmitted infection. Essentially, the difference is between a disease and an infection. Not all diseases begin with infections, but many do. Sexually transmitted diseases first begin as sexually transmitted infections.
  • Use IV drugs. People who use IV drugs often share needles and syringes. This exposes them to droplets of other people’s blood.

Difference Between AIDS and HIV

AIDS HIV
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is the disease. Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV) is the causal factor (reason) for AIDS
Complications and secondary infections from this disease kill the host. The virus is incapable of killing a host by itself.
AIDS is a condition acquired only after the contraction of HIV HIV is a virus and like other viruses, can spread from person to person.

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