Chemistry is a science that deals with the study of matter and the substances that constitute it. That also deals with the properties of these substances and the reactions undergone by them to form new substances. The subject primarily focuses on atoms, ions, and molecules which, in turn, make up elements and compounds. These chemical species tend to interact with each other through chemical bonds.
In the scope of its subject, It occupies an intermediate position between physics and biology. It also is concerned with the utilization of natural substances and the creation of artificial ones. Cooking, fermentation, glass making, and metallurgy are all chemical processes that date from the beginnings of civilization.
Who is the Father of Chemistry?
The Father of Chemistry is known as Antoine Lavoisier, who listed elements, describe properties of matter helped to revise and standardize chemistry nomenclature, He is a French scientist who made great discoveries in this field. Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier was born on August 26, 1743, in Paris, France. He was the first child and only son of a wealthy bourgeois family living in Paris.
Antoine Lavoisier’s contribution:
- Oxygen theory of combustion.
- He put forward the influential oxygen theory of combustion.
- Lavoiser established that water was a compound and not an element.
- Antoine Lavoisier co-authored the first modern system of chemical nomenclature.
- He is credited with establishing mass conservation in chemical reactions.
- Lavoiser discovered that sulfur is an element and that diamond is a form of carbon.
- Antoine Lavoisier is the one who wrote the first modern textbook on chemistry.
- He contributed to the adoption of the metric system
Branches of Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry: It studies the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds, which contain carbon in covalent bonding.
- Inorganic Chemistry: