What is High B.P? (Hypertension)

High B.P is a serious health problem. Abnormally high B.P and a combination of high psychological stress are known as Hypertension. These patients suffering from this disorder will have their blood pressure reading greater than 140 over 90 mm.

It is diagnosed by measuring blood pressure. The Systolic pressure would be the first readings viz. a pressure by which the heart pumps blood through the body, and the second readings would be the Diastolic pressure, meaning a pressure at which the heart relaxes and refills the blood. There are 2 types of high B.P.

1.Primary Hypertension

This kind of High B.P develops over time with no identifiable cause. Most people have this type of Hypertension. Researchers are still unclear what mechanisms cause blood pressure to slowly increase. A combination of factors may play a role. These factors include:

  • Genes: Some people are genetically predisposed to hypertension. This may be from gene mutations or genetic abnormalities inherited from your parents.
  • Physical changes: If something in your body changes, you may begin experiencing issues throughout your body. It may be one of those issues. For example, it’s thought that changes in your kidney function due to aging may upset the body’s natural balance of salts and fluid. This change may cause your body’s blood pressure to increase.
  • Environment: Over time, unhealthy lifestyle choices like lack of physical activity and poor diet can take their toll on your body. Lifestyle choices can lead to weight problems. Being overweight or obese can increase your risk of hypertension.

High blood pressure- Hypertension2. Secondary High B.P

It occurs quickly and can become more severe than primary hypertension. Several conditions that may cause secondary hypertension include:

  • kidney disease
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Problems with your thyroid
  • Side effects of medications
  • Use of illegal drugs
  • Alcohol abuse or chronic use
  • Adrenal gland problems
  • Certain endocrine tumors

Symptoms of High Blood Pressure

  • Headaches
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nosebleeds
  • Flushing
  • Dizziness
  • Chest pain
  • Visual changes
  • Blood in the urine

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