Arboriculture is the cultivation, management, and study of individual trees, shrubs, vines, and other perennial woody plants. It studies how these plants grow and respond to cultural practices and their environment. It includes the practice of cultural techniques such as selection, planting, training, fertilization, pest and pathogen control, pruning, shaping, and removal.
The Principles and Objectives of Arboriculture
A person who practices or studies arboriculture is called an ‘arborist‘ or an ‘arboriculturist‘. A ‘tree surgeon’ is more typically someone who is trained in the physical maintenance and manipulation of trees and therefore more a part of the arboriculture process rather than an arboriculturist. Risk management, legal issues, and aesthetic considerations have come to play prominent roles in the practice of arboriculture. Businesses often need to hire arboriculturists to complete “tree hazard surveys” and generally manage the trees on-site to fulfill occupational safety and health obligations.
Arboriculture is primarily focused on individual woody plants and trees maintained for permanent landscape and amenity purposes, usually in gardens, parks, or other populated settings, by arborists, for the enjoyment, protection, and benefit of people.
An Arboriculturist is a professional in the practice of arboriculture, which is the cultivation, management, and study of individual trees, shrubs, vines, and other perennial woody plants in dendrology and horticulture. They generally focus on the health and safety of individual plants and trees, rather than managing forests or harvesting wood. An arborist’s scope of work is therefore distinct from that of either a forester or a logger.