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What is Phenol?

Phenol is an aromatic compound. The chemical formula of this organic compound is C6H6O. It is also known as Carbolic acid. It consists of a hydroxyl group and a phenyl group attached. Earlier it was used as carbolic soap. It is mildly acidic and corrosive to the respiratory tract, eyes, and skin.

It is a crystalline solid white and needs to be handled with care as it can cause chemical burns. Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge discovered Phenol in the year 1834. It was extracted from coal tar. It is also known as phenolic acid. If a compound is consisting of a six-membered aromatic ring and is bonded to a hydroxyl group directly, then it can be referred to as phenol.
Properties of Phenol

C6H6O Phenol
Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass 94.11  g/mol
Density 1.07 g/cm³
Melting Point 40.5 °C
Boiling Point 181.7 °C

Natural Sources of Phenol (Carbolic acid)- C6H6O

Nomenclature of Phenols

Phenols are divided into three categories: monohydric, dihydric, and trihydric, depending on how many hydroxyl groups are linked to the benzene ring.

Uses of Carbolic acid

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