Asthma is a disease affecting the respiratory system. It is a chronic disease, which means it requires lifelong medical support. It affects various parts of the lungs and causes several difficulties in breathing, such as coughing, sneezing, and shortness of breath. The bronchioles are pathways in our lungs that enable airflow. When you contract the disease, It causes your airways to inflate, which causes difficulty in breathing. It occurs in several ways.
Symptoms of Asthma
- The most common symptom is wheezing.
- Coughing, especially at night, when laughing, or during exercise
- Tightness in the chest and shortness of breath
- Difficulty talking
- Rapid breathing
- Frequent infections
- Anxiousness or panic
- Fatigue and chest pain
- Sleeping problem
Some people experience symptoms consistently throughout the day. Others may find that certain activities can make symptoms worse. Not everyone with asthma will experience these particular symptoms.
There are several factors responsible for triggering asthma attacks and they vary from person to person. However, one aspect is consistent: The airways become narrow and inflamed when exposed to a trigger. It also fills with mucus, consequently making it harder for the affected individual to breathe.
- Respiratory infections caused by the common cold
- Dust and dust mites
- Pet dander
- Vehicular and industrial exhaust
It is a long-term syndrome that has no permanent cure with today’s medical technologies. Educating oneself about the possible triggers and enforcing precautions may help avoid asthma attacks. There are few treatments available, which depends on the severity of the symptoms. Children are treated with different types of medicine prescribed by physicians. Long-term treatment is available to control asthma attacks and for treating inflammation of the airways. Other medicines include quick-relief inhalers, nebulizers, corticosteroids, and other pills to treat breathing problems, coughing, and wheezing.
Types of Asthma