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What are Heart Diseases?

Heart diseases such as coronary heart disease, heart attack, congestive heart failure, and congenital heart disease, is the leading cause of death for men and women. They could prevent quitting smoking, lowering cholesterol, control high blood pressure, maintaining a healthy weight, and exercise.

Types of Heart Diseases

Heart disease encompasses a wide range of cardiovascular problems. Several diseases and conditions fall under the umbrella of heart disease. Types of heart disease include:

  • Arrhythmia. It is a heart rhythm abnormality.
  • Atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a hardening of the arteries.
  • Cardiomyopathy. This condition causes the heart’s muscles to harden or grow weak.
  • Congenital heart defects. Congenital heart defects are heart irregularities that are present at birth.
  • Coronary artery disease. It is caused by the buildup of plaque in the heart’s arteries. It’s sometimes called ischemic heart disease.
  • Heart infections. Bacteria, viruses, or parasites may cause heart infections.


Signs and Symptoms of Heart Diseases

Different types of heart disease may result in a variety of different symptoms.
Symptoms of an arrhythmia include:

  • Lightheadedness
  • Dizziness
  • Chest pain
  • Fluttering heart or racing heartbeat
  • Slow pulse
  • Fainting spells

Atherosclerosis reduces blood supply to your extremities. In addition to chest pain and shortness of breath, symptoms of atherosclerosis include:

  • Coldness, especially in the limbs
  • Numbness, especially in the limbs
  • Unusual or unexplained pain
  • Weakness in your legs and arms

Congenital heart defects
Congenital heart defects are heart problems that develop when a fetus is growing. Some heart defects are never diagnosed. Others may be found when they cause symptoms, such as:

  • Blue-tinged skin.
  • Swelling of the extremities.
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.
  • Fatigue and low energy.
  • Irregular heart rhythm.

What are some risk factors for heart disease?

There are many risk factors for heart disease. Some are controllable, and others aren’t. Some of these risk factors include:

  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol and low levels of high-density lipoprotein, the “good” cholesterol
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Physical inactivity

People who smoke double their risk of developing heart disease.

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