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What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis causes bones to become weak and brittle, So brittle that a fall or even mild stresses such as bending over or coughing can cause a fracture. It is related to fractures most commonly occur in the hip, wrist, or spine. Prevention and treatment include calcium and vitamin D, exercise, and medications for it.

Bone is living tissue that is constantly being broken down and replaced. It occurs when the creation of new bone doesn’t keep up with the loss of old bone. It affects men and women of all races. But white and Asian women, especially older women who are past menopause, are at the highest risk. Medications, a healthy diet, and weight-bearing exercise can help prevent bone loss or strengthen already weak bones.

Symptoms of Osteoporosis

There typically are no symptoms in the early stages of bone loss. But once your bones have been weakened by osteoporosis, you might have signs and symptoms that include:

  • Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra
  • Loss of height over time
  • A stooped posture
  • A bone that breaks much more easily than expected


  • Getting recommended daily amount of calcium and vitamin D
  • Doing weight-bearing exercises
  • Stop smoking
  • For women, weighing the pros and cons of hormone therapy
  • Consult your doctor about the best way to prevent it.


Osteoporosis Risk factors Include:

  • Sex: Women have lower peak bone mass and smaller bones than men. However, men are still at risk, especially after the age of 70.
  • Age: As you age, bone loss happens more quickly, and new bone growth is slower. Over time, your bones can weaken, and your risk for osteoporosis increases.
  • Body size: Slender, thin-boned women and men are at greater risk to develop osteoporosis because they have less bone to lose compared to larger-boned women and men.
  • Family history: Researchers are finding that your risk for osteoporosis and fractures may increase if one of your parents has a history of osteoporosis or hip fracture.

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