Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer. It occurs when there is an irregular growth of skin cells. The cells are also how physicians identify the type of skin cancers. Skin cancers often appear as a suspicious mole, patch, or spot. There are three major types of skin cancers.
- Basal Cell Carcinoma.
- Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
Skin Cancer Causes
Skin cancer is caused when the skin cells multiply uncontrollably due to DNA mutations. Most skin cells are damaged due to the sun’s ultraviolet radiation. People with less melanin content in their skin are more prone to skin cancers.
People with many moles on their skin are also at a higher risk of skin cancer. It is also caused due to genetic factors. People with weakened immune systems are very likely to contract any disease. They are highly prone to cancer.
Symptoms of Skin Cancer
There are different types of symptoms. The common symptoms include changes in the skin that do not heal, skin ulcers, discoloration of the skin, changes in existing moles, etc. Other symptoms include:
- Firm Lump.
- Brownish Scar.
- A new change in an existing mole.
- Bleeding or oozing out moles.
- The appearance of a new spot on the skin.
- Changes the appearance of the skin.
- Waxy Translucent Bump.
- Tender and itchy Moles.
- Open sores on the skin.
- Change in the sensation.
- Red and scaly patches on the skin.
- Red sore inside the mouth or on the ears.
- Unusual growth of patches or sores on the skin.
Skin Cancer Prevention
- Avoid the sun during midday. The ultraviolet rays are direct that can adversely affect the skin.
- Wear sunscreen whenever stepping out in the sun.
- Avoid tanning beds. The lights in tanning beds emit UV radiations that are harmful to the skin.
- Cover your body when going out in the sun.