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Structure of Tongue

The tongue is a muscular organ in the mouth covered with a moist, pink tissue called the mucosa. It is involved in licking, tasting, breathing, swallowing, and speaking. The papillae present on the organ give it a rough texture. It is covered by several taste buds. There are several nerves in the tongue that help in transmitting taste signals to the brain, and thus help in taste sensation. A major function of the tongue is the enabling of speech in humans and vocalization in other animals.

Structure of Tongue

The human tongue is about 3.3 inches in men and 3.1 inches in women. The organ is located in the oral cavity. It is divided into three parts:

It is embryologically divided into the anterior and posterior parts. The anterior part is known as the oral or presulcal part which includes the root attached to the floor of the oral cavity.

The tongue is made up of three elements:

Functions of Tongue

Salivary Glands

Salivary glands comprise three pairs:

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